Maastricht Manual on Measuring Eco-innovation for a Green Economy
Kemp, René, Anthony Arundel, Christian Rammer, Michal Miedzinski, Carlos Tapia, Nicolò Barbieri, Serdar Türkeli, Andrea M. Bassi, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Donald Chapman, Fernando J. Díaz López and Will McDowall (2019), Maastricht Manual on Measuring Eco-Innovation for a Green Economy, Maastricht.
Research and Education (R&E) Integrated Training reports:
Technological change and innovation are increasingly seen as being able to provide solutions to addressing flood risks and fatalities caused by accelerating climate change. Yet, associated stakeholders face divergent challenges: 1) Stakeholders tend to act in isolation creating silos in flood risk management and governance; 2) Public sector is challenged in moving forward with flood prevention and single-purpose solutions; 3) Citizens are still waiting to be connected to the flood risk management domain and facilitated to contribute; and 4) Entrepreneurs with potentially useful ideas need experimenting with the possibility of multiple value creation that stems from multi-stakeholder collaborations.
This MaRBLe research team was commissioned by the Climate Innovation Hub (CIH) based at the Lab of the United Nations University MERIT to investigate Maastricht University’s (UM) role in the network of sustainable actors in achieving the UN SDGs in a local context. More specifically, the researchers were asked to examine how UM improves overall sustainability and how a Social Network Analysis (SNA) can contribute to understanding the needs for effective collaboration among sustainable actors in Maastricht.
The report aims to clarify existing X-economies and to investigate potential research gaps, which academics or entrepreneurs must fill to promote X-Economies’ vision of an alternative economic reality. Therefore, it aims to answer the following research question: Through which combined actions could researchers and entrepreneurs most likely overcome innovation burdens, replacing the current economic regime with X- Economies?
X-economies are alternative economic models that have emerged in response to our unsustainable consumption habits which have resulted in resource depletion and climate change, among other pressing issues. These alternative models aim for more sustainable and resilient economies by addressing and changing unsustainable consumption patterns as well as managing resources more responsibly. The need to change unsustainable consumption habits is predominant in the food sector as food systems have a huge environmental footprint and are responsible for a large share of greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, our current food system must change immediately and rapidly. Too Good To Go, De Clique, and AeroFarms are three food businesses that integrate different X-economies, namely the circular, green, social, digital, and data economy, thereby advancing the sustainability of the food sector and creating multiple value for the environment, society, and economy. It is key to adopt and integrate X-economies in more and more businesses and corporations within the food sector and beyond to move towards a more sustainable future.
We witness a proliferation of various economy visions and practices from A to Z (e.g. access economy, bio-economy, blue economy, circular economy, collaborative, digital economy,…, sharing economy, social economy , youth economy, zero-waste economy…). All of these “X economies” are scientifically studied and proposed as fixes to various shortcomings of the current economic model with respect to resilience, sustainability, responsibility parameters. Yet, we have limited knowledge (of the big picture (macro) with fine grained details (micro) on how these various economies evolve and interact with each other in different contexts (e.g. in the EU and in Emerging Markets, other major world regions such as Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa).
The first run of Innovation for Sustainability class at Maastricht Graduate School of Governance is over. The course is the final course of Governance of Innovation specialisation track of Master of Science in Public Policy and Human Development programme at Maastricht Graduate School of Governance and UNU-MERIT. We think that this first volume of open access digital compilation of “Innovation for Sustainability” e-book will inform and inspire many people around the globe, as well as the next cohort, about the need for innovation for sustainability. In this book, you can read about various sustainability issues and solution approaches.
Editing: I4S e-book
A much needed global societal transition towards alternative settings calls for a comprehensive understanding and the analysis of the forms and functioning of various multi-scalar socio-technical systems and transitions. Accelerating the evolutionary scientific, technological, social and environmental sustainability transitions towards alternative societal futures require a holistic, interdisciplinary and critical know-how. In this book, you can read about various sustainability issues and solution approaches.
Plastics Circularity Index (PCI) – The EU Edition – addresses how EU countries perform relative to each other in their circular management of plastics and related waste products. A circular economy, encompassing plastics, is extensive and entails several actors. Therefore, PCI analyses actions undertaken by governments, businesses and consumers that stimulate the circular usage of plastics. PCI – EU Edition covers each stakeholder category with a comprehensive collection of indicators to gain an extensive view of the state of circularity in EU countries. In addition to the indicators per actor category, the index also considers country profiles on plastics and circularity. The respective PCI indicators and methodology are explained in more detail in PCI 2020 EU Edition full report.
Digitalization is increasingly transforming societal, political, and economic interactions. The digital platform iQuestion.online is proposed as a solution to the democratic deficit; the decrease in government and institution transparency and accountability, and diminishing citizen engagement in representative democracies. This MaRBLe provides findings based on a qualitative meta-synthesis. The team makes recommendations on the iQuestion.online platform; its functionalities, its design, and infrastructural elements, and the iQuestion.online organization, an implementation analysis, a financial needs assessment, and a revenue model. Practical implementations have been initiated on the digital platform and are subject to further realization.
The Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (MGSoG) of Maastricht University is integrated within The United Nations University – Maastricht Economic and social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT). The School covers all aspects of governance in domestic and global organisations, from policy analysis to policy design and evaluation.
Updated on [7.2.2022]